Are you looking for the National MDCAT syllabus 2022? The PMC has officially released the syllabus for the National MDCAT 2022. The syllabus has undergone some changes, including the removal of some topics and the addition of some new ones.
This article will provide you with detailed information about the new revised National MDCAT syllabus 2022. We will provide the syllabus in PDF format so that you can easily download it to your device and prepare for your exam.
PMC MDCAT Syllabus 2022
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Paper Pattern for the National MDCAT Entry Test
There are 200 multiple-choice questions on the MDCAT paper. Each question is worth 5 points. Negative marking is permitted in this paper. If you click on the incorrect answer to any question, 6 points will be deducted, with 1 being the negative mark. If, on the other hand, you provide the correct answer, you will receive a total of 5 marks.
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National MDCAT Total Time
The National MDCAT test lasts 180 minutes in total. You must answer 200 multiple-choice questions in 180 minutes, or 3 hours.
MDCAT Paper Subject and Topics according to MDCAT Syllabus 2022
This test contains questions from four different subjects. The test includes the four subjects listed below.
All of the questions strictly adhere to the PMC syllabus. Read the syllabus carefully and make an effort to cover all of the PMC-provided topics.
Biology PMC MDCAT Syllabus 2022
Syllabus of PMC MDCAT Biology
- The Cel
- Biological Molecule
- Chromosomes and DNA
- Cell Division
- Variety of Life
- Gas Exchange
- Transport in Plants
- Transport in Human
- Muscles and Movement
- Light and Electron Microscope (Magnification and Resolution)
- Structure of Typical Animal and Plant Cell
- Fluid Mosaic Model of Cell Membrane
- Transport of Material across the Cell Membrane: Active transport, Passive transport, Endocytosis and Exocytosis
- Eukaryotic Cell Structures: Endoplasmic reticulum (RER & SER), Ribosomes, Golgi apparatus, Lysosomes,
- Vacuoles, Centrioles & Microtubules, Mitochondria, Chloroplast and Nucleus (nuclear membrane, nucleolus and chromosomes)
- Prokaryotic Cell & Eukaryotic cell
- Carbohydrates: Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, and Polysaccharides (Starch, Glycogen & Cellulose)
- Lipids: Triglycerides, Phospholipids, and their functions.
- Proteins: Amino Acids & Peptide bond formation, Structures of Proteins (primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures) and Globular & Fibrous Proteins
- Nucleic acids: DNA, RNA, and Types of RNA
- Water: Heat of vaporization, Specific Heat Capacity and Solvent Action
- Enzyme: Definition, Characteristics of, Mechanism of Enzyme Action Enzymes (Lock & key model and Induced fit model), Factors affecting the rate of Enzyme Action, Inhibitors
3.Chromosomes and DNA
- Chromosome: Nucleosome, DNA, Histone Proteins, Chromatids, Centromere and Telomeres
- Gene as a Basic Unit of Genetic Information
- DNA Replication: Hypothesis of DNA Replication, Meselson & Stahl’s experiment and Replication
- Genetic Code
- Cell Cycle: Interphase (G1, S, and G2 phases), Mitotic phase, and Cytokinesis
- Mtosis: Process of Mitosis, Significance of Mitosis
- Meiosis: Process of Meiosis and Significance of Meiosis
5.Variety of Life
- Kingdoms: Protoctista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia
- Viruses: Structure of Viruses
- AIDS: Causative Agent, Modes of Transmission and Prevention & Control
- Photosynthetic Pigments (Chlorophylls and Carotenoids)
- Absorption and Action Spectra
- Light-Dependent Reactions (cyclic and non-cyclic phosphorylation) and Light-Independent Reactions (Calvin cycle).
- Cellular Respiration: Glycolysis, Link reaction / Pyruvic Oxidation, Kreb’s Cycle (with reference to the production of NADH, FADH, and ATP) and ETC
- Anaerobic Respiration and its Types (Alcoholic and Lactic Acid Fermentation).
- Anatomy of the Human Respiratory System.
- Transport of Respiratory Gases: O2 & CO2 and Role of Haemoglobin as Respiratory Pigment.
- Respiratory Disorders: Tuberculosis, Emphysema, and Lung Cancer
8.Transport in Plants
- Transport of Water and Minerals: Apoplast & Symplast Pathway and Cohesion, Transpiration Pull / Tension & Adhesion
- Transpiration, Factors affecting it, and opening and closing of Stomata.
- Translocation according to Pressure Flow Theory
9.Transport in Human
- Heart: Structure of heart, Cardiac Cycle, Control of Heart Beat, ECG and Blood Pressure
- Blood Vessels: Arteries, Veins, and Capillaries
- Blood: Plasma and Blood Cells (RBCs, WBCs, and platelets).
- Lymphatic System
- Immune System and its Components
- Types of Immunity
- Thermoregulation in Mammals
- Human Urinary System
12 Muscles and Movement
- Structure and Function of Skeletal Muscle
- Mechanism of Skeletal Muscle Contraction
- Sarcomere, Ultrastructure of Myofilaments, Sliding Filament, Control of Actin-Myosin Interaction
- Use of Energy for Muscle Contraction
13 Communication & Control
- Nervous Coordination in Mammals
- Neurons: Sensory, Intermediate/relay, and motor neurons
- Reflex arc / Reflex action
- Nerve impulse
- Hormones: Definition & Types of Hormones, Hormones of Islets of Langerhans (Insulin & Glucagon) and Role of ADH in
- Plants Hormones: Auxins, Gibberellins, and Abscisic Acid
- Gametogenesis: Spermatogenesis and Oogenesis
- Hormonal control of Human Menstrual Cycle (FSH, LH, estrogen and progesterone)
- Basics of Genetics: Gene, Locus, Allele, Gene Pool, Phenotype, Genotype, Homozygous, Heterozygous, Dominant Allele, Recessive Allele, Complete Dominance, Codominance, Linkage, F1 & F2 Generations, Mutation and Multiple
- Gene Linkage: Crossing over and Recombination Frequency / Cross Over Value
- Continuous and Discontinuous Variations
- Punnet square, Test cross, and Monohybrid & Dihybrid Crosses
- Gene Linkage and Sex Linkage in Human (Haemophilia and Colour Blindness)
- Recombinant DNA Technology / Genetic Engineering: Principles of Recombinant DNA Technology and its Application, PCR & Gel Electrophoresis and DNA Analysis / Finger Printing
- Gene Therapy
- Transgenic Organisms (Bacteria, Plants, and Animals)
- Theory of natural selection
- Hardy-Weinberg theorem and factors affecting gene/allele frequency
All of these topics are part of the PMC MDCAT syllabus 2022, Just have a focus on these and don’t try to overload your brain while thinking about other remaining topics. The Biology PMC MDCAT syllabus is very straight forward and you don’t have to do much rather than these. now coming towards:
Chemistry National MDCAT Syllabus 2022
- Fundamental Concepts
- States of Matter
- Atomic Structure
- Chemical Bonding
- Chemical Energetics
- Chemical Equilibrium
- Reaction Kinetics
- Transition Elements
- Compounds of Nitrogen and Sulphur
- Fundamental Principles
- Alkyl Halides (Haloalkanes)
- Alcohols and Phenols
- Aldehydes and Ketones
- Carboxylic Acids
- Amino Acids
- Environmental Chemistry
- Relative masses
- Avogadro’s number
- Empirical and Molecular formulae
- Stoichiometric Calculations
- Concentration units of solutions
i. Percentage composition
iii. Mole fraction
STATES OF MATTER
- Gaseous state
- General Gas Equation (PV=n RT).
- Liquid state:
ii. Vapor pressure
iv. Structure of ice
- The lattice structure of a crystalline solid
- Proton, Neutron, and Electron
- Distribution of Mass and charges
- Deduce the number of protons, neutrons, and electrons from the given proton number and nucleon number
- The shape of s, p, and d- Orbitals
- Electronic configuration
- Ionization energy
- Electron affinity
- Ionic (Electrovalent) bond
- Use the “dot and cross” model for:
i. Covalent bonding
ii. Co-ordinate (dative covalent) bonding
- Shapes and Bond Angles of molecules
- Covalent Bonding.
- Bond Energy, Bond length and bond Polarity (Electronegativity difference)
- Intermolecular Forces (especially Hydrogen Bonding)
- Interpret and Predict the effect of different types of bonding on physical properties of substances.
5. CHEMICAL ENERGETICS
- Concept of Energy changes during Chemical reactions
- Use the terms:
i. Enthalpy change of reaction
ii. Bond energy
- Numerical Magnitude of Lattice Energy
- Hess’s law to construct simple energy cycles.
- Redox processes
- Oxidation numbers of Elements.
- Balancing chemical equations by redox method
- Standard electrode (redox) Potential
- Standard Hydrogen Electrode
- Methods used to measure the standard Electrode potentials of metals
- Standard Cell Potential
- Electrode Potential.
- Construct Redox equations
- Advantages of Developing the H2/O2 fuel cell
7. CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM
- Rates of forwarding and reverse Reactions and Dynamic Equilibrium
- Le- Chatelier’s Principle.
- Deduce an expression for Equilibrium constant
- Calculate the values of Equilibrium constants
- Calculate the equilibrium quantities
- Conditions used in the Haber process.
- Qualitatively the differences in the behavior of strong/weak acids and bases
- Terms: pH, Ka, pKa, Ka, pKb, Kw, and Ksp.
- [H+ (aq)], [OH- (aq)], pH and pOH values for strong and weak acids and bases.
8.REACTION KINETICS/ CHEMICAL KINETICS
- Rate of Reaction, Activation Energy, Catalysis, Rate Equation, Order of Reaction, Rate Constant
- Enzymes as Biological Catalysts
- Construct and use rate equations with special emphasis on
i. Zero-order reaction
ii. 1st order reaction
iii. 2nd order reaction
- The half-life of a first-order Reaction
- Variation in the Physical properties of Elements Belonging to period 2 and period 3:
a. Atomic Radius
b. Ionic Radius
c. Melting Point
d. Boiling Point
e. Ionization Energy
g. Electron Affinity
h. Electrical Conductivity
i. Oxidation States
j. Hydration Energy
• Periodic Relationship in Binary compounds:
a. Halides (especially chlorides)
- The variation in the properties of group II and VII Elements:
a. Reactions of group II elements.
b. Thermal decomposition and solubility of compounds of group II elements
c. Properties of Halogens and their compounds
d. The reaction of Chlorine
e. Comparison of Oxidizing power of halogens
4. COMPOUNDS OF NITROGEN AND SULPHUR COURSE CONTENT
- Nitrogenous fertilizers.
- Presence of Sulphur Dioxide in the atmosphere
- Manufacturing of Sulphuric Acid.
- Sulphuric acid as Dehydrating agent and Oxidizing agent.
1. FUNDAMENTAL L PRINCIPLES: COURSE CONTENT
- The Organic compounds.
- Alkanes and Alkenes of lower masses.
- Nucleophiles, electrophiles, and free radicals
- Functional group and Nomenclature of organic compounds.
Chemistry of Alkanes with emphasis on:
- The Mechanism of free radical Substitution reaction.
- Chemistry of Alkenes with emphasis on:
- Preparation of Alkenes:
- Reaction of Alkenes
- Chemistry of Benzene
- Electrophilic substitution reactions and the mechanism
- Hydrogenation of Benzene ring.
- Sidechain Oxidation of Methyl Benzene (Toluene) and Ethyl Benzene.
- Benzene ring by 2,4 Directing and 3,5 directing groups
1. FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES
- The Organic compounds.
- Alkanes and Alkenes of lower masses.
- Nucleophiles, electrophiles, and free radicals
- Functional group and Nomenclature of organic compounds.
3. ALKYL HALIDES (HALOGENOALKANES) COURSE CONTENT
- Importance of Halogenoalkanes.
- The reaction of Alkyl Halides:
- Nucleophilic substitution reactions and mechanisms
4. ALCOHOLS AND PHENOLS: COURSE CONTENT
Alcohols with reference to:
- Alcohols: Primary, Secondary and Tertiary.
- Preparation of Ethanol
- Reactions of Alcohols
- Reactions of Phenol
- Acidity of Water, ethanol and phenol
5. ALDEHYDES AND KETONES
- Structure of Aldehydes and Ketones
- Preparation of Aldehydes and Ketones.
- Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones:
- A nucleophilic addition reaction mechanism
6. CARBOXYLIC ACID
- Physical properties of carboxylic acids.
- Reactions of carboxylic acids
- Relative Acidic strength.
7. AMINO ACIDS
- General Structure of -Amino Acids found in Proteins.
- Amino Acids on the basis of Nature of R-group.
- Zwitter Ion
- Acid-base properties of Amino Acids.
- Peptide bond formation.
- Addition polymerization.
- Condensation polymerization.
- Structure of Proteins.
- Structure and function of Nucleic acid (DNA).
9. ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY
- Air Pollutants.\
- Chemistry and causes of Acid Rain.
- Ozone and Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs).
All of these were the topics of Organic and Non-Organic chemistry which will be part of the PMC MDCAT syllabus. Let’s dive into the Physics national MDCAT syllabus:
PHYSICS National MDCAT Syllabus 2022
- Motion and Force
- Work, Energy, and Power
- Circular Motion
- Heat & Thermodynamics
- Current Electricity
- Electromagnetic Induction
- Deformation of Solids
- Modern Physics
- Nuclear Physics
- Physical quantities, numerical magnitude, and a proper unit.
- International System of Units, SI base units of physical quantities, and their derived units.
- Prefixes and symbols to indicate decimal, submultiples, or multiples of both base and derived units:
- Errors and uncertainties
- Systematic error and random error.
- Fractional uncertainty and percentage uncertainty.
- Assessment of total uncertainty in the final results (Understanding of total assessment about addition and subtraction, multiplication and division & power factor).
2. MOTION AND FORCE
- Displacement, Distance, Speed, Velocity, and Acceleration.
- Velocity–Time Graph.
- Equations of motion.
- Newton’s Laws of Motion.
- Momentum and law of conservation of momentum.
- Force and rate of change of momentum.
- Impulse and I = F t = mvf mvi
- Elastic and inelastic collisions
- Projectile Motion and its applications.
- Moment of force or torque and use of torque
3. WORK, ENERGY AND POWER
- Work in terms of the product of a force and displacement in the direction of the force.
- Kinetic energy K.E = 12 mv2
- Potential energy P.E = mgh
- Inter-conversion of kinetic energy and potential energy in a gravitational field.
- Power in terms of work done per unit time and use power as a product of force and
- W velocity P = t and P = Fv
4. CIRCULAR MOTION
- Angular motion, angular displacement & angular velocity
- Centripetal Force and centripetal acceleration oF = mr2, F
- Geostationary orbits.
- Simple harmonic motion
- Amplitude, Frequency, Angular Frequency, Phase Difference. Express the time period in terms of both frequency and angular frequency.
- Equations x=xo sinωt, v = v0cosωt, v xo2 x2 , a = ω2x and its use
- Motion of simple pendulum and relation.
- Kinetic energy and potential energy during Simple harmonic motion.
- Free, Forced and Damped Oscillations
- Progressive waves
- Transverse and longitudinal waves.
- Principle of superposition.
- Stationary waves and wavelength of sound waves in air columns and stretched strings
- Doppler’s Effect
- Electromagnetic Spectrum.
- Interference of light waves, constructive and destructive interference.
- Young’s Double Slit experiment, fringe spacing, dark and bright fringes.
- Diffraction (basic principle)
- Diffraction grating
8. HEAT & THERMODYNAMICS
- Basic postulates of the kinetic theory of gases
- The pressure exerted by gas and derive the relation PV Nm
- Equation of state for an ideal gas as PV = nRT
- PV= Nm
- v2 and PV = NkT and prove that K.E T for a single molecule.
- Internal Energy.
- Specific Heat capacity.
- Coulomb’s Law
- Electric field strength.
- E V to calculate the field strength.
- Electric field lines
- Gravitational force and electric force.
- Electric potential
- The capacitance of a capacitor
- Energy stored in the capacitor
10. CURRENT ELECTRICITY
- Ohm’s Law
- Series and parallel Combination of resistors
- Resistance and resistivity
- Potential difference and e.m.f
- Power dissipation in resistors.
- Kirchhoff’s First Law as conservation of charge.
- Kirchhoff’s Second Law as conservation of energy.
- Magnetic field
- Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field
- Force on a moving charge in a magnetic field
- The motion of charged particle in uniform electric and magnetic field.
- e/m for an electron.
12. ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION
- Magnetic flux
- Faraday’s Law and Lenz’s Law.
- Induced e.m.f and factors
- Alternating current and use V = Vo sint.
- Transformer and uses of N S VS IP and practical transformer.
- NP VP IS
- Period, frequency, peak value and root mean square value of an alternating current or voltage.
13. DEFORMATION OF SOLIDS
- Stress, strain and Young’s Modulus.
- Tensile stress and strain.
- Hook’s Law.
- Elastic and plastic deformation of a material.
- Strain energy.
- Band Theory, valence band, conduction band and forbidden band.
- Half and Full-wave rectification
- Single diode for half wave rectification of an alternating current
- Four diodes for full wave rectification of an alternating current
- Operational amplifier and its characteristics
15. MODERN PHYSICS
- Energy of photon E = hf
- Photoelectric Effect, Threshold Frequency and Work Function Energy.
- Maximum photoelectric energy is independent of intensity whereas photoelectric current is proportional to intensity
- Einstein’s Photoelectric equation hf = + 12 mv2max
- de Broglie wavelength and use hp .
- Discrete energy levels of hydrogen atom and spectral lines.
- Relation hf = (E2E1)
- Production of X-rays and features of X-rays tube.
16. NUCLEAR PHYSICS
- Nucleus, nucleon number, and charge number.
- Radioactivity and emission of radiation.
- Activity, Decay constant and relation Activity = N
- The half-life of radioactive substance and relation 0.693t 1/ 2
- Nuclear transmutation and conservation of mass, energy, momentum, and charge during nuclear changes.
- Mass-defect, binding energy and relation E = mc2
- Nuclear fission and fusion.
- Hadrons, Leptons, and Quarks.
The aim of the English section of the National MDCAT Syllabus is to measure the applicants’ skills in the English language and to evaluate how prepared they are for undertaking graduate studies in medicine in English. The test applies a common standard to everyone to be able to evaluate the preparation of the applicants from different sectors, regions, and socio-economic backgrounds. The benchmark school education are not included
- To design the test specifications
- To design, select, and arrange test task items
Objective Benchmark Contents
Use one or more of the following strategies to determine the meaning of key vocabulary:
1.1 contextual clues and illustrations
1.2 background or prior knowledge
1.3 morphology, syntax, phonics, knowledge of word relationships
1.4 knowledge of synonyms,
High and low frequency
- Comprehend key vocabulary words from the course
book or to be selected from similar contexts or the
contexts the HSSC and CIE
students may be familiar
- Demonstrate control of tenses and sentence structure
2.1 Use correct tenses and sentence structure in writing
2.2 Identify mistakes in the use of tenses and sentence structure in written texts • All the present tenses
- All the past tenses
- Four types of sentences
- Types of clauses
3. Demonstrate 3.1 use correct subject-verb agreement in written texts
3.2 Identify mistakes in the use of subject verb-agreement in written texts
Use the texts
correct use of prescribed/used in HSSC or
subject-verb CIE for selecting test items
agreement as well as determining the
degree of their complexity
4.1 Use appropriate articles and prepositions in different written contexts
4.2 Identify mistakes in the use of articles and prepositions in sentences or short texts
4.3 Select the appropriate article or preposition for a particular
The test items to be
4. Demonstrate selected from the correct use of articles and prepositions contexts common to the
texts at HSSC and CIE level
- 5.1 Use capitalization and punctuation such as semicolons, commas in a series,
apostrophes in possessives, proper nouns, and abbreviations
- 5.2 Avoid and identify the following punctuation The test items to be selected from the type of texts written by HSSC and CIE students and from the contexts common to both the streams correct use of writing conventions of spelling, capitalization, and punctuation to clarify the meaning mistakes in sentences or short written texts:
- 5.2.1. Run-on sentences
- 5.2.2. Comma splices
- 5.2.3. Fragments
- 5.2.4 Faulty coordination
- appalling astounded apparently attached to appraised alas abruptly accentuated anxieties boon bewilderment briskly
- bead brimming baffling bashful beckoned coveted credentials capacious collided with crudely confront
- compelled crudely coaxed
- comprehension curious casually confining crammed confirm cautioned captivated condescended compelled
- daintily dispensing dispute distract drummed dilapidated disconsolately delicately dank dilapidated disguise definite enchanted encouraged fringed exude eccentric excursion elaborate exasperation expansive exaggeration evaluates fatality flicked flawlessly friction fluttered
- gingerly glistening glared groggy heap hideous habitat haggard haphazardly harmony haughty havoc hearsay intended in vain
- illumination invariably irritable insinuated intently industry intolerable imperceptibly
- judgment judicial K
- Kindred Knack L
- likelihood labyrinth
- menaced mustered mean mass mounting minimum mayhem miniature mumbled meditated molded
- menacing nuisance naïve native nauseous negate negligence nemesis neutral niggle opted for on the wrong foot occasionally an operation.
We hope that this article will help you easily obtain your National MDCAT Syllabus 2022. If you have any further questions about any subject, paper timing, location, or anything else, please contact us, or ask us in the comment section. We will do our best to respond to your questions as soon as possible. Best wishes for a prosperous future.